Whilst there are three subspecies of Brent Goose, all are easily distinguishable from each other, and from other species of birds. Identifying features include their relatively short neck with a white strand just below the head.


A migratory bird, they appear in the UK between October and March, found in estuaries, marshes and sheltered bays. During the summer period, they migrate back to Arctic tundras.


The primary source of food is primarily eelgrass, however they do feed on other vegetation.

Predators & Threats

Artic foxes and snowy owls predate on the populations in the farthest reaches of Europe, and during their winter migration in the UK, foxes and other owl species prey upon them.


  • There are three subspecies of Brent Goose; the dark-bellied, pale-bellied and the black brent goose.
  • This species saw a decline in the 1930’s due to an eelgrass disease, which is their main source of food.


Common Name(s)Scientific Name
 Brent Goose, Brant, Black Brant.Branta bernicla
 60 cm
 20 years

Best Time to Look

October – March

Where to find Brent Goose