Background

Whilst there are many different sub species of Coal Tit (primarily defined by their geographical distribution) all Coal Tits have a glossy black head with a grey plumage on the wings and upper body.

Habitat

The Coal Tit is distributed across Europe and central latitudes of Asia found commonly in gardens and woodlands of all types.

Diet

The Coal Tit is both an insectivore and a herbivore feeding on beetles, flies, conifer seeds and beech tree masts.

Predators & Threats

Predators, such as foxes, snakes, grey squirrels and weasels,  focus on the nests of this species, eating both the eggs and the adults.

Facts

  • There are approximately 600,000 breeding pairs in Britain alone.
  • Coal Tits leave the nest after just 16 days, however, they are still fed by their parents for at least another two weeks.
Common Name(s)Scientific Name
Coal TitPeriparus ater (Parus ater)
Size
 10 – 12 cm.
Lifespan
 2 years.

Best Time to Look

All year round.

Where to find Coal Tit