Background

A small fly catching species the Pied Flycatcher shows something called sexual dimorphism. This is where their appearance differs between males and females. The males of the species are dark brown with a white breast plumage and a white spot on the head. The females are a lighter brown. The Collared Flycatcher is very similar in appearance, however, the white of the neck within this species is fully banded around.

Habitat

Found in the western parts of the United Kingdom, excluding Ireland. They are mainly found in valleys, hillsides and well-developed woodlands.

Diet

Throughout the year Pied Flycatchers will eat insects, such as flies and caterpillars. During the summer and migration periods, they will forage for seeds and fruits.

Predators & Threats

Predators include Pine Martens, larger birds and occasionally snakes. However, due to their sociable nature these animals “mob” the intruder to try and deter an attack.

Facts

  • Young imprint on the area in which they were born, and return to the same general area after every migration.
  • These birds can travel up to 100-125km (62-78 miles) in a single night.

 

Common Name(s)Scientific Name
Pied Flycatcher, European Pied FlycatcherFicedula hypoleuca
Size
 10 – 15 cm
Lifespan
 10 years

Best Time to Look

Late April to September

Where to find Pied Flycatcher