Whilst only a small bird, approximately 15 cm in length, the Common Kingfisher is an unmistakable bird. The adults of this species are a vibrant blue with patches of green, black and chestnut, which appears at the cheeks and underneath the body. The bill is relatively long helping it catch fish as its prey.


Found all across Europe, with the exception of northern Scandinavia, near inland water bodies such as lakes, streams and rivers.


The Kingfisher is famous for eating fish, however like most birds they eat seeds, leaves and insects as well.

Predators & Threats

Longevity is relatively short within this species as winters are very harsh for them, often they die from the cold, or a lack of food. Also as they are quite high within the food chain bio accumulation of insecticides can cause a large number of fatalities per year. Despite their position within the food chain, they are preyed upon by Foxes, snakes and large birds of prey.


  • Many species of kingfishers don’t eat fish nor live near water.
  • The Common Kingfisher is the only kingfisher species that breeds in Europe.
Common Name(s)Scientific Name
Kingfisher, Eurasian Kingfisher, Common Kingfisher, River Kingfisher, Small KingfisherAlcedo atthis
 ~ 15 cm
 5-7 years

Best Time to Look

All year round

Where to find Common Kingfisher