Described as a pelagic bird, meaning this species is very rarely found close to shore and instead is at sea. Generally having a white body with darker grey-black wings, the fulmar is a streamlined gliding bird, showing few wing beats during flight.


This sea bird is found off the coasts of northern European countries including the United Kingdom.


Their diet consists of shrimp, fish, crabs and jellyfish.

Predators & Threats

This medium sized bird falls prey primarily to foxes. However their eggs are eaten by scavenging birds such as skua and sheathbills, along with rats and squirrels.


  • Like most coastal birds, the fulmar has a salt gland which allows them to excrete salt from the sea water in their diet.
  • Fulmars can produce an oil like substance that can be used for defence and for energy.
  • They can dive upto 3 meters.


Common Name(s)Scientific Name
 Fulmar, Norther Fulmar, Tubenose. Fulmarus glacialis
 40-50 cm
 30 – 35 years.

Best Time to Look

October/September. March – June

Where to find Fulmar